Honey bees swarm from April to July. Swarming is the natural way a honey bee colony divides to produce two colonies. About half the number of bees in the colony leaves with the queen honey bee and look for a new home. The remaining bees stay in the old hive with a brand new queen. The process secures the survival of the colony, which gets a young queen in replacing her ageing mother. Beekeepers try to prevent their colonies swarming for a variety of reasons. For example, swarming depletes their stock of bees and reduces the honey crop. A swam starts by consuming as much honey as it can for setting up the new home. Swarms can also settle where they are not wanted, such as in domestic buildings.
While the swarm remains in a cluster, scout bees search for a suitable new home. When a suitable place is found, the swarm will move and take up residence there. The swarm can remain in its cluster for anything between a couple of hours or a few days.
A swarm can consist of many thousands of bees. Once it leaves the hive, it usually settles on a branch or post not far away from the hive and forms a cluster. Somewhere in the cluster will be the queen. She gives off scent substances called pheromones, which have the effect of holding the cluster together.
What to do if you see a swarm, or have one in your garden.
Don’t panic! Honey bees sting when they are protecting their nest or they are frightened. In addition honey bees in a swarm have gorged themselves on honey prior to leaving the hive and thus they physically can not bend their abdomens sufficiently to sting. It is therefore extremely unlikely that bees in a swarm will sting you. However, to avoid any risk leave the bees alone. Do not try poking them with sticks, throwing stones at them, or lighting fires under them in the hope they will move. When the swarm has settled, contact us on the telephone number below.
Provided the swarm has settled in an accessible place a beekeeper should be able to capture the swarm and introduce it to a new hive. This is a voluntary service and the beekeeper may ask for recompense for any costs incurred, e.g., travel expenses in collecting the swarm. Please be aware that beekeepers will be unable to collect swarms that are in inaccessible places such as the top of trees, in a chimney, inside cavity walls etc. They will only collect honey bee swarms. For inaccessible swarms, wasps and hornets and other insects you will need to contact pest control people who will charge for the service, though some councils provide these services.
Taking in swarms helps us in our effort to control the spread of honey bee diseases. It also helps us control the reproduction of less desirable genetic traits in honey bees. Also, swarms are given to any new member beekeeper waiting with a brand new hive ready for its first occupants.
If you are in the Sutton Coldfield area and you find a swarm of bees it is important that you contact us as soon as possible. It would be helpful if you could telephone
Bernard Diaper 07711 456 932
Alternatively you can obtain further advice from the British Bee Keeping Association web site at www.bbka.org.uk and follow the links to “Do you have a Swarm”. Having read the information, a list of bee-keepers willing to collect swarms in the area will be found at “Find a local Swarm collector”. www.bbka.org.uk. Thank you for your consideration when using this service, which is a free service provided by members of the BBKA.